Rhodes House serves as the central headquarters for the Rhodes Trust and a meeting venue for Rhodes Scholars. It was designed by Sir Herbert Baker, who had been Cecil Rhodes’s architect in South Africa and also collaborated on the design of New Delhi.
The site upon which Rhodes House is built was purchased in 1925 from Wadham College and was built between 1926 and 1928. Rhodes House itself reflects a number of influences: Cape Dutch farmhouse, English country mansion, and the arts and crafts movements of the 1900s. The building is thus described in the Oxfordshire volume of Nikolaus Pevsner’s Buildings of England:
The mansion is large, the rotunda a bijou size. The mansion has mullioned and transomed windows, a balustrade, a hipped roof and a cupola, a tetrastyle portico two columns deep, a lobby, and the rotunda itself with windows with much sturdier columns set in and the dome of ashlar… From the rotunda one moves into a second oblong anteroom and then the great hall, with a W gallery and an E apse, three sides of an octagon and hence covered with three sides of a domical vault.
The main wall faces consist of squared rubble, an Oxford fashion which began with Rhodes House and was imitated elsewhere, as in the New Bodleian library and at St. Anne’s College.
Various features of the building, for example, the massive beams and the wood-and-glass fanlights above some of the doors, were designed by Sir Herbert Baker to resemble features of the Cape Dutch style of Groote Schuur, the house he designed for Mr Rhodes in South Africa. Groote Schuur is now a residence of the President of South Africa.
For information about the history of the Rhodes Trust and Rhodes Scholarships, please visit the Trust History page.